A bunion is a bony bump that grows on the joint at the base of your big toe. It forms when your big toe pushes against your next toe and forces the joint of your big toe to enlarge and stick out. Treatment options vary according to the type and severity of the bunion and a surgical procedure is the most invasive method. Below are some helpful bunion treatment tips.
Surgery: This operation is also known as a bunionectomy. A doctor performs the procedure in a hospital or surgery center under local anesthesia with sedation or general anesthesia. The surgeon can realign the bone behind your big toe by cutting the ligaments at the joint.
Bunion Pads and Orthotics: You can buy bunion pads at a pharmacy or grocery store. They cushion and protect your bunion. Another option is orthotics which is custom-made supports that you place just behind the big toe joint on the bottom of your foot. They redistribute your weight while you walk and take pressure off your big toe.Schedule an appointment with a podiatrist who can do an evaluation and fitting for you.
Stretchable Shoes: These are a good solution for very large bunions. They have a special design that combines suede leather and spandex and they are flexible and breathable. The shoes stretch to conform to the contours of your foot, accommodate foot deformities and eliminating pressure on your bunions.
Physical Therapy: This provides relief from bunion inflammation and pain. One popular technique is ultrasound therapy for treating bunions and their associated soft tissue involvement.